INGREDIENTS

BEETROOT EXTRACT

Beetroot extract is a high source of nitrate, known to improve physical performance. Effects include enhanced cardiovascular output and improved strength endurance.

BLACK PEPPER

Piperine, the active component in black pepper, is known to enhance drug metabolism and increase absorbability.

CAFFEINE

The active ingredient in coffee, caffeine is a stimulatory chemical that affects the nervous system. Effects include reduced fatigue, improved reaction time, increased wake time and enhanced exercise performance.

CHOLINE BITARTRATE

Choline is a brain-supporting nutrient associated with optimal brain function and neuroprotection. Positive effects include reduced memory deficits, treatment of cognitive decline, and increased attention span.

GINKGO BILOBA

Used traditionally in Chinese medicine, Ginkgo Biloba contains high levels of antioxidants known to provide protection against harmful free radicals that cause oxidative cell damage.

GUARANA

Guarana, also known as paullinia cupana, is a powder used in traditional Amazonian medicine for its stimulatory effects. Benefits include improved cognition, neuroprotection and reduced symptoms of depression.

GRAPE SEED EXTRACT

Grape seed extract is composed of catechins that enhance blood flow. Notable effects include increased body oxygen and improved circulation.

GREEN TEA

Green tea is a source of water-soluble polyphenols called green tea catechins. Effects include enhanced cognition, improved memory, and increased metabolic rate.

L-ARGININE

Arginine is an amino acid that produces nitric oxide. Effects may include increased blood flow and circulation.

L-CARNITINE

L-Carnitine is an amino acid the body uses to maintain a healthy metabolism. Typical effects include enhanced cognition, improved symptoms of depression and improvement in exercise performance.

L-TAURINE

L-Taurine fights free radicals in the body by aiding anti-oxidant defense systems. Benefits include increased blood flow and enhanced circulatory effects.

L-THEANINE

An active ingredient in green tea, L-Theanine has been reported to improve brain function and enhance cognition. It also offsets the over-stimulatory effects of caffeine through increased neurotransmitter production.

L-TYROSINE

L-Tyrosine is an amino acid used by cells that produces neurotransmitters such as dopamine and adrenaline. It helps cognition during times of stress, improves working memory, elevates mood and reduces blood pressure.

PHOSPHATIDYLSERINE

A fat-soluble amino-acid derivative, phosphatidylserine is found in high amounts in neural tissue. Vital for cognitive function, its effects include enhanced cognition, improved symptoms of cognitive decline, reduction of stress hormones and improvements in memory and attention.

VITAMIN B3

Also known as Niacin, increases cellular nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) levels. Effects of supplementation include enhanced cognition and improved longevity.

VITAMIN B12

Also known as Methylcobalamin, Vitamin B12 is a water-soluble essential vitamin that plays an important role in neurological function. Supplementation with vitamin B12 helps prevent anemia, peripheral neuropathy and cognitive impairment.

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